You can temporarily relieve the mild pain, swelling and inflammation of most hemorrhoidal flare-ups with the following self-care measures:
- Use topical treatments. Apply an over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream or suppository containing hydrocortisone, or use pads containing witch hazel or a topical numbing agent.
- Keep the anal area clean. Bathe (preferably) or shower daily to cleanse the skin around your anus gently with warm water. Soap isn't necessary and may aggravate the problem. Gently drying the area with a hair dryer after bathing can minimize moisture, which can cause irritation.
- Soak regularly in a warm bath. Do this several times daily.
- Apply cold. Apply ice packs or cold compresses on the anus to relieve swelling.
- Push back a prolapsed hemorrhoid. If a hemorrhoid has prolapsed, gently try pushing the hemorrhoid back into the anal canal.
- Use a sitz bath with warm water. A sitz bath fits over the toilet. You can get one at a medical supply store or some pharmacies.
- Don't use dry toilet paper. Use moist towelettes or wet toilet paper after a bowel movement instead.
- Take oral medications. Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) may relieve your discomfort.
These self-care measures may relieve the symptoms, but they won't make the hemorrhoid disappear.You will have to change lifestyle and diet to get to the root cause.
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